Distance Education: Emergence and Trends
After independence, India had gained colossal ground in the field of education, which was, however, basically quantitative in nature. In prior days, teaching was accessible just to the elites in the public arena, and a huge greater part of poor and under-estimated individuals stayed unskilled. Political contemplations have a vital part in the development of advanced education, particularly at the state level. The state government experienced enormous weight from the general population to build up more universities and colleges. In a vote based society, even the solid governments think that it is extremely hard to oppose such pressures and are propelled to succumb to the same. These contemplations have prompted quick extension of advanced education in our nation, which thusly, have antagonistic effect upon its quality. Hence, keeping in mind the end goal to guarantee access and training of a sensibly decent quality, we must think about some option framework fit for supplementing the part of ordinary framework, and Distance Education is one of such options in today’s India.
It is only education which can bring the change of Good in one’s life and in present scenario, avenues of Formal Education are not sufficient to meet the ever accelerating populace. To make the youth capable of becoming the economically independent, higher education is a must. A country can only progress when our human resource will be able to hone their talent and potential to their best. We cannot increase the country’s resources but we can generate options to make them available. Distance learning is a boon and serves as best solution to come out of the vicious circle. Distance learning has gained the momentous rise in the field of higher education over the years.
Open and Distance Learning (ODL) framework is a framework in which teachers and students are not required to be present at the same place at a particular time. It is adaptable concerning modalities and timing of teaching and learning and the criteria of admission also does not depend on trading of fundamental quality contemplations. In India, distance education is offered by different government as well as private universities. Government education foundations offering distance education include Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU), State Open Universities (SOUs), Organizations and Colleges that provide instruction which incorporates Correspondence Course Institutions (CCIs) in routine, double mode colleges, etc.
Various other universities providing skillful and innovative distance education to the people of India are, Amity University, UPES Dehradun (CCE), Annamalai University, Jaipur National University, Suresh Gyan Vihar University etc.
Need for Distance Education in India:
The distance mode of education in India have been adopted by numerous colleges to meet the continually developing interest of those understudies who needed intends to seek after advanced education through the regular and consistent stream. Likewise, there were monetary imperatives. Thus, numerous colleges in India in different districts began correspondence courses or projects by giving notes, building up an arrangement of assessment of response sheets. The achievement of these courses prompted the foundation of Indira Gandhi National Open College, which is currently evaluated as one of the best universities in the world to provide distance education.
Because of restrictions of the formal arrangement of instruction, policy makers were pulled in towards non-routine methods of training for giving non-residential studies like correspondence courses. The Distance Training mode, in which it is not important to unite all the understudies to listen to the vis-à-vis lectures, was viewed as beneficial. However, in distance education framework, the procurement of intermittent gatherings between the instructors and the understudy is made. These gatherings are prominently known as Personal Contact Programs (PCPs). The learners get their study material through postal administrations to learn at their home or working environment.
The endeavors of the understudies are supplemented by assignments, which are checked and assessed by the concerned subject specialists. Distance education framework is additionally known by some other normal names like Correspondence Courses, Correspondence learning, Distance Education and External or Private Appearance, and so forth. This arrangement of instruction is suitable for the persons who needed to upgrade their capabilities yet were not in a position to go to classes all the time. Such distance courses demonstrated an aid for the administration persons and also other people who desire to seek advanced education. Therefore, an expansive number of in-administration persons, experts, business visionaries, workless youth, teachers, housewives and old aged people scrambled toward admission to distance learning study programs.
Economic Aspects on the country:
The education industry is one of the largest industries in the country with a market-size of 450 million students which, in turn, generates an annual revenue of $50 million. During the period of 2011-2021, the education segment in our country is expected to make a tremendous growth of 15 per cent. In addition to that, the distance education sector is working as a key player in this growth target. It is playing a major role as the education provider for the mass amount of people and is all ready to get to the nerves of the potential of student market.
A major number of people in India are young and they are considering distance education mode as a very conventional and effective way of higher education. Given that the distance education system is on a tremendous rise in the country, many well-known international investors are willing to invest a high amount of money in this sector. Distance learning universities in the country join hands with foreign investors with a primary objective of providing valuable, skillful and friendly higher education to the mass public. Apart from this, these kinds of partnerships also focus on the evolving through innovative teaching techniques in a bid to enhance the quality distance education providing universities and colleges.
Role of Technology in Distance Education:
The world of innovative technology is being reshaped by worldwide patterns, for example, union, expanded data transfer capacity, upgraded media abilities, scaling down, natural varieties, build portability, improved processing power, all the more capable intellectual instruments and lessened expense. These patterns bolster move over four eras in distance learning models and related conveyance advancements: Correspondence Model (Print), Interactive media Model (Print; Sound Feature, Guiding sessions and constant Assessment Strategies, television/ Radio Show); Teleconferencing Model (Restricted feature and Two way Sound video chatting, Intuitive Telephone in-Radio Advising) and Computer Supported Learning (Interactive Multimedia, , Internet-Based Access) and new procedures of making of Video Lessons and make this available to the understudies in the form of CDs.
Taking a gander at the measure of talent in the country, populace of the nation and current execution of the young, one could undoubtedly prognosticate the advantages of distance training in India and the hopes of the understudies are high. The best part of the whole scenario is that the understudies seeking after distance learning are fanatical and energetic about their learning. They need to demonstrate the world what they are fit for and without quality training in the nation, online distance learning is the first stride of the stepping stool to a stately future.